My research is mainly focused on thermodynamic analysis of crustal fluids and applications to understanding of (i) hydrothermal mineralization of base, precious and rare metals and (ii) metamorphism in craton-mobile belt ensembles. I use the techniques of fluid inclusion microthermometry to characterize fluids in diverse regimes and work out their PVTX relationships to understand the mechanism of transport of metals in hydrothermal fluid. I am currently working on molecular dynamic simulation of fluids for refinement of PVTX relationship and understanding of the mechanism of transport of metals in fluids.
I am particularly concerned with problems of mineralization associated with felsic magmatism and try to quantify the partitioning of metals in the melt-fluid regime that result in mineralization of a spectrum of metals. My research on the Malanjkhand copper deposit led me to the fascinating world of granites and the ‘granite problem’. I attempt to evaluate the metallogenic potentials of granite in order to answer the commonly raised question ‘why only some granites give rise to mineralization?’.
I apply my expertise on aqueous geochemistry to understand various environment issues such as fluoride contamination of ground water, acid mine drainage resulting from mining of Tertiary coal in the NE India and copper mining at Malanjkhand, MP.
I use remote sensing and GIS techniques for mineral potential mapping for appraisal of base and precious metal resources in India and have been actively collaborating with Scientists from ISRO. Recently, I concluded a project to assess the potentials of the Indian continental shelf for phosphates that led me to learn a few things on the processes in continental shelf such as the prevalence of Oxygen Minimum Zone in the Arabian Sea other than routine investigations on mechanism of enrichment of phosphate and important geochemical attributes of shelf sediments in general.
Eastward shift and maintenance of Arabian Sea oxygen minimum zone: Understanding the paradox by Acharya SS and Panigrahi MK Deep Sea Research Part-1 115 240-252 (2016)
Mineral thermobarometry and fluid inclusion studies on the Closepet granite, Eastern Dharwar Craton, south India: Implications to emplacement and evolution of late-stage fluid by Bhattacharya, S., Panigrahi, M.K., Jayananda, M. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 91 1-18 (2014)
Mineralogy of Fe-Precipitates and Their Role in Metal Retention from an Acid Mine Drainage Site in India by Sahoo, P. K.; Tripathy, S.; Panigrahi, M. K., Equeenuddin Sk Md Mine Water and the Environment 31 344-352 (2012)
Heterogeneity in fluid characteristics in the Ramagiri-Penakacherla sector of the Eastern Dharwar Craton: implications to gold metallogeny by Bhattacharya S and Panigrahi MK Russian Geology and Geophysics 52 1436-1447 (2011)
Reconstructing physico-chemical parameters of hydrothermal mineralization of copper at the Malanjkhand deposit, India, from mineral chemistry of biotite, chlorite and epidote by Panigrahi, Mruganka K.; Naik, Rajesh K.; Pandit, Dinesh, Misra KC Geochemical Journal 42 443-460 (2008)
Effect of capping and particle size on Raman laser-induced degradation of gamma-Fe2O3 nanoparticles by Varadwaj, KSK; Panigrahi, MK; Ghose, J Journal of Solid State Chemistry 177 4286-4292 (2004)
Age of granitic activity associated with copper-molybdenum mineralization at Malanjkhand, Central India by Panigrahi, MK; Bream, BR; Misra, KC, Naik RK Mineralium Deposita 39 670-677 (2004)
Geochemical appraisal of fluoride contamination of groundwater in the Nayagarh District of Orissa, India by Kundu, N; Panigrahi, MK; Tripathy, S, Munsi S, Powell MA and Hart BR Environmental Geology 41 451-460 (2001)
The Malanjkhand copper (plus molybdenum) deposit, India: Mineralization from a low-temperature ore-fluid of granitoid affiliation by Panigrahi MK and Mookherjee A Mineralium Deposita 32 133-148 (1997)
RESERVE BASE IN RELATION TO CRUSTAL ABUNDANCE OF METALS - ANOTHER LOOK by Mookherjee A and Panigrahi MK Journal of Geochemical Exploration 51 1-9 (1994)
Comparative Analysis of Factors of Vulnerability of Mahanadi and Hoogly Delta and Adjoining Shelf Region Department of Science and Technology (DST), Govt. of West Bengal
Vulnerability and Risk Assessment due to Various Environmental Drivers in a Climate Change Scenario over Eastern India Department of Science and Technology, Climate Change Programme (SPLICE)
Area of Research: Micropaleontology and geochemistry
Area of Research: Crustal Fluids
Area of Research: Microstructure, geochemistry and fluid inclusion studies
Area of Research: Paleoclimatology
Area of Research: Economic Geology
Raj Shekhar Indu Sankar Podder
Area of Research: Paleoceanography and paleoclimatology
Area of Research: Metallogeny and Crustal Evolution
Sourav Sundar Das
Area of Research: Crustal Fluids