My research is primarily motivated by the implication of trade liberalization policies on developing countries. One important aspect of achieving economic growth and development in this era of globalization is through export. A relevant issue in this context thus arises is what should be the export structure of the countries participating in world trade ? whether they should specialize in exporting few products or try to export variety of goods and also whether quality of export matters. Given these contemporary issues the focus of my research has been to explore the impact of trade liberalization policies on variety and quality of exports. I have attempted to provide some new evidences on the trade-growth relationship focusing on the diversification and composition of exports in my PhD thesis.
The dissertation received International Economic Research Award (IERA) by the EXIM Bank of India (2013). Based on the policy implications of the study an occasional paper was published by the EXIM Bank of India in 2014.
Later I explored the impact of other forms of trade liberalization policies like labour movement and capital flows on product variety. The asymmetric impacts of commodity trade and factor flows on product varieties provide a different explanation for asymmetric policy towards the two in terms of gains at the extensive margin in the short run and growth prospects in the long run.
My research interest also includes development economics. I constructed a composite capability profile of households using Principal Component Analysis (PCA) for the Nepal Human Development Report 2014.
Currently I am exploring ways to capture export quality in terms of intra industry trade indices, disentangling intra industry trade between horizontal and vertical.
As a researcher of International Economics my future research agenda is to explore the avenues by which the developing nations can benefit from globalization.
Trade Liberalization and Export Diversification by Anwesha Aditya, Rajat Acharyya International Review of Economics and Finance 39 390-410 (2015)
Export Diversification, Composition and Economic Growth: Evidence from Cross-Country Analysis by Anwesha Aditya, Rajat Acharyya The Journal of International Trade and Economic Development 22 (7) 959-992 (2013)
Tariff Reductions, Terms of Trade and Product Variety by Anwesha Aditya, Rajat Acharyya Journal of Economic Development 41 (3) 75-103 (2016)
Does What Countries Export Matter? The Asian and Latin American Experience by Anwesha Aditya, Rajat Acharyya Journal of Economic Development 37 (3) 47-74 (2012)
Trade, Factor Flows and Product Variety in a Small Open Economy by Aditya A. Trade, Factors and Welfare: An Anthology of New Perspectives in General Equilibrium - (Accepted/In-Press)
Muhammed Najeeb K. K.
Area of Research: Development Economics and Applied Econometrics
Soumya Kanta Mishra
Area of Research: International Economics and Finance